TOKYO: World share markets were headed for the worst week since the depths of the 2008 financial crisis as investors ditched risky assets on fears the coronavirus would become a pandemic and trigger a global recession.
Hopes that the epidemic that started in China would be over in a few months and economic activity would return to normal have been shattered, as new infections reported around the world now surpass those in China.
The worsening global threat from the virus prompted investors to rapidly step up bets the U.S. Federal Reserve would need to cut interest rates as soon as next month to support economic growth.
“We don’t even need to wait for economic data to see how badly the economy is being hit. You can tell that the sales of airlines and hotels are already falling by a half or something like that,” said Tomoaki Shishido, senior economist at Nomura Securities.
“It is fair to say the impact of the coronavirus will be clearly much bigger than the U.S.-China trade war. So the Fed does not have a reason to take a wait-and-see stance next month,” he said.
MSCI all country world index .MIWD00000PUS fell 0.5% after 3.3% drop on Thursday. So far this week it has lost 9.3%, on course for its biggest weekly decline since a 9.8% plunge in November 2008.
Wall Street shares led the rout as the S&P 500 .SPX fell 4.42%, its largest percentage drop since August 2011, on Thursday.
It has lost 12% since hitting a record close on Feb. 19, marking its fastest correction ever in just six trading days while the Dow Jones Industrial Average .DJI fell 1,190.95 points, its biggest points drop ever.
The CBOE volatility index , often called the “fear index”, jumped to 39.16 on Thursday, the highest level in about two years, well out of the 11-20 range of recent months.
The index, which measures expected swings in U.S. shares in the next 30 days, typically shoots up to around 50 when bear market selling hits its heaviest and approached almost 90 during the 2008-09 financial crisis.
In Asia, MSCI s regional index excluding Japan. MIAPJ0000PUS shed 2.4%. Japan s Nikkei .N225 slumped 4.0% on rising fears the Olympics planned in July-August may be called off due to the coronavirus.
“The coronavirus now looks like a pandemic. Markets can cope even if there is big risk as long as we can see the end of the tunnel,” said Norihiro Fujito, chief investment strategist at Mitsubishi UFJ Morgan Stanley Securities. “But at the moment, no one can tell how long this will last and how severe it will get.”
WHO Director General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said the virus could become a pandemic as the outbreak spreads to major developed economies such as Germany and France.
About 10 countries reported their first virus cases in the past 24 hours, including Nigeria, the biggest economy in Africa.
The global rout knocked mainland Chinese shares lower, which have been relatively well supported this month, as new coronavirus cases in the country fell and Beijing doled out measures to shore up economic growth.
The CSI300 index of Shanghai and Shenzhen shares .CSI300 dropped 3.4%, on track for its first weekly loss in three. Fears of a major economic slump sent oil prices to their lowest in more than a year.
U.S. crude futures CLc1 fell 2.7% to $45.85 per barrel, having lost 14.1% so far on the week, which would be the deepest fall in nearly nine years.
Investors flocked to the safety of high-grade bonds. U.S. yields plunged with the benchmark 10-year notes yield hitting a record low of 1.241%. It last stood at 1.247% US10YT=RR.
That is well below the three-month bill yield of 1.436% US3MT=RR, deepening the so-called inversion of the yield curve. Historically an inverted yield curve is one of the most reliable leading indicators of a U.S. recession.
Expectations the Fed will cut interest rates to cushion the blow are rising in money markets. Analysts say Fed funds futures <0#FF:> are now pricing in more than a 50% chance of a 25 basis point cut at the central bank’s March 17-18 meeting.
As investors rushed to safe assets, gold XAU= stood at $1,646.4 near a seven-year high of $1,688.9 hit earlier this month.
On the other hand, junk bond ETF prices (HYG) (JNK) fell to multi-month lows on fears of an increase in bankruptcies among highly leveraged companies, with the energy sector hit hard by falls in oil prices.
In currency markets, the yen rose 0.5% to a near one-month high of 109.00 to the dollar JPY=.
The euro stood at $1.0993 EUR=, having jumped over 1% in the previous session, the biggest gain in more than two years as investors wound back bets against the currency versus the dollar.
The risk-sensitive Australian dollar lost 0.5% to an 11-year trough of $0.6533 AUD=D4 while the New Zealand dollar shed 0.8% to $0.6251 NZD=D4, near a four-year low of $0.6204 touched in October.