KARACHI: The Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) have shared that it has started stocktaking of oil marketing companies in view of the sudden sharp increase in petroleum products’ prices. The move, according to the bureau, is being made to stop tax losses because of possible underreported sales.
According to the details, as the government hiked prices of petroleum products, the Large Taxpayers Unit Karachi asked petroleum companies and refineries to provide details of their stocks till midnight of June 25. They were also asked to provide invoices issued against supplies that were not released prior to increase in petroleum prices.
On Friday, the government announced a sharp increase in the prices of petroleum products. The unusual announcement may benefit oil marketing companies to make supplies of cheaper price fuel at the higher price announced by the government, according to the sources.
The government raised the petrol price by Rs25.58 per litre to Rs100.10. Similarly, the price of high-speed diesel was increased by Rs21.31 per litre to Rs101.46.
The sources said oil companies may declare higher sales at a lower price in back dates in order to avoid or evade sales tax. Further, the company may also claim inventory losses due to sudden changes in prices through their income tax returns that will be due in September.
Significant sales tax impact is expected after an upward revision of prices and it would help revenue generation during next month if the prices are kept at the current level.
Lockdown-led subdued consumption has been estimated to wipe away Rs30 billion worth of sales tax on petroleum products for the FBR in the past four months.
Sales tax collection from petroleum products was estimated to fall 23 percent to Rs98 billion from March to June. That compared with Rs128 billion collected during the corresponding four months a year earlier.
Lockdown following the coronavirus outbreak in March brought economic activities to a grinding halt, while consumption of petroleum products also waned during the period. According to the Oil Companies Advisory Committee, sales of petroleum products fell 12% to 1.48 million tons in May. That compared with 1.67 million tons in the same month of the last year.
Sales tax collection from petroleum, lubricant and oil products has been consistently declining since the lockdown imposed in late March. Although the lockdown has eased, the oil shortage surfaced due to declining reserves in the country.
The revenue collection shortfall, under the sales tax on oil products head, was recorded at 13.59 percent in March, compared with the same month of the last year. It continued with a decline of 35.8% and 35% in April and May this year. The shortfall in sales tax collection from POL products has been estimated at around Rs7 billion in June.